X, Y, and Z are human motivational theories in corporate management related to Maslow’s hierarchy of requirements and how human behavior and motivation affect productivity. The primary premise of Theory X is that employees despise and want to keep busy. Thus administration must exert control over, motivate, and closely oversee the staff. Theory Y holds that, given the right circumstances, people are self-motivated, like their jobs, and seek opportunities to advance. Theory Z is derived from theory Y, and it promotes employee retention, concern, overall security in and out of the workplace.
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